Ceres (dwarf planet)
Ceres, formally 1 Ceres, is the largest asteroid and the only dwarf planet in the inner Solar System. It is a rock–ice body some 950 km (590 mi) in diameter, comprising about a third of the mass of the asteroid belt. Discovered on 1 January 1801 by Giuseppe Piazzi, it was the first asteroid to be identified, though it was classified as a planet at the time. It is named after Ceres, the Roman goddess of growing plants, the harvest, and motherly love.